Tuesday, 09 August 2022 00:00

The foot is a fascinating and complicated structure. The entire body is supported by the feet, which consist of 26 bones and numerous tendons, ligaments, and muscles. There are three parts to the foot: the rear, mid, and forefoot. The arch of the foot is instrumental in absorbing the impact that comes from walking and running and acts as a lever that can move the foot. While standing normally, the body is balanced over the center of the foot and this places the greatest amount of stress on the arch. This pressure moves to the heel, which can hold approximately 50% of body weight. Many things naturally happen when walking occurs. The arch and surrounding tissues must absorb the impact as the heel strikes the ground and eventually pushes off as the step is completed. This is typically a smooth and coordinated movement, and any glitches during this process may result in foot pain. Additional stress is put on the ankles and arches with heavy patients, as the entire body works harder while walking. If you would like to know more information about foot structure, please consult with a podiatrist.

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact Dr. John Branwell from Kearny, New Jersey. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Kearny, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 02 August 2022 00:00

The big toe plays a significant role in helping to stay balanced as daily activities are completed. There are several reasons why pain in the big toe can occur, including gout, a bunion, bone tumor, or if a toe injury has occurred. It is important to obtain a proper diagnosis that can determine the cause of the pain which will precede beginning the correct treatment. The diagnosis process may consist of having an X-ray taken, or having a CAT scan or MRI performed. When pain is present in the big toe, larger shoes are often needed to make the foot feel more comfortable. For pain that is moderate or severe, the patient may benefit by performing specific stretches that may help to ease the pain. Additionally, it may help to implement a healthy eating regime, drink plenty of water daily, and participate in physical therapy if needed. If you have toe pain, it is advised that you have a consultation with a podiatrist who can determine the cause and offer the best treatment plan for you. 

Toe pain can disrupt your daily activities. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. John Branwell of Kearny, New Jersey. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Causes Toe Pain?

Most severe toe pain is caused due to a sports injury, trauma from dropping something heavy on the toe, or bumping into something rigid. Other problems can develop over time for various reasons.

Toe pain can be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Trauma
  • Sports injury
  • Wearing shoes that are too tight
  • Arthritis
  • Gout
  • Corns and calluses
  • Hammertoe
  • Bunions
  • Blisters
  • Ingrown toenails
  • Sprains
  • Fractures (broken bones)
  • Dislocations

When to See a Podiatrist

  • Severe pain
  • Persistent pain that lasts more than a week
  • Signs of infection
  • Continued swelling
  • Pain that prevents walking

Diagnosis

In many cases the cause of toe pain is obvious, but in others, a podiatrist may want to use more advanced methods to determine the problem. These can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.

Treatment

Treatments for toe pain and injuries vary and may include shoe inserts, padding, taping, medicines, injections, and in some cases, surgery. If you believe that you have broken a toe, please see a podiatrist as soon as possible.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Kearny, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 26 July 2022 00:00

Suffering from a fall as a senior citizen is no joke. As an individual ages, they become more prone to tumbling and tripping both inside and outside of their home. These falls can be life-threatening and may occur on staircases or hard, dangerous surfaces. Although falls may happen for any number of reasons, the health of a senior’s feet can be an influential factor. Therefore, one way to prevent falls from occurring in senior citizens is to strengthen the feet by practicing several simple exercises. These exercises can improve the strength in the senior’s feet muscles and increase balance. One such exercise is known as leg extensions and can be performed by repeatedly extending and raising one leg at a time while sitting in a chair. You can alternate the legs after each extension. The purpose of this exercise is to increase strength and agility in the leg muscles. If stretching seems boring or unappealing, a senior might also try to improve the strength of their feet by walking, practicing tai chi, or performing simple movements in the pool. If you are a senior who is concerned about their likelihood of suffering from a fall, you can contact a podiatrist for more information about strength-building exercises.

Preventing falls among the elderly is very important. If you are older and have fallen or fear that you are prone to falling, consult with Dr. John Branwell from Kearny, New Jersey. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality advice and care.

Every 11 seconds, an elderly American is being treated in an emergency room for a fall related injury. Falls are the leading cause of head and hip injuries for those 65 and older. Due to decreases in strength, balance, senses, and lack of awareness, elderly persons are very susceptible to falling. Thankfully, there are a number of things older persons can do to prevent falls.

How to Prevent Falls

Some effective methods that older persons can do to prevent falls include:

  • Enrolling in strength and balance exercise program to increase balance and strength
  • Periodically having your sight and hearing checked
  • Discuss any medications you have with a doctor to see if it increases the risk of falling
  • Clearing the house of falling hazards and installing devices like grab bars and railings
  • Utilizing a walker or cane
  • Wearing shoes that provide good support and cushioning
  • Talking to family members about falling and increasing awareness

Falling can be a traumatic and embarrassing experience for elderly persons; this can make them less willing to leave the house, and less willing to talk to someone about their fears of falling. Doing such things, however, will increase the likelihood of tripping or losing one’s balance. Knowing the causes of falling and how to prevent them is the best way to mitigate the risk of serious injury.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Kearny, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Thursday, 21 July 2022 00:00

Suffering from this type of pain? You may have the foot condition known as Morton's neuroma. Morton's neuroma may develop as a result of ill-fitting footwear and existing foot deformities. We can help.

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