Items filtered by date: April 2024

Baseball, a beloved pastime, demands agility, precision, and endurance from players. However, the sport also poses risks for foot and ankle injuries, both acute and chronic. Acute injuries, often caused by sudden trauma or impact, include sprains, strains, and fractures. Sliding into bases, collisions with other players, or awkward landings after jumping can lead to these injuries. Conversely, chronic injuries develop gradually over time due to repetitive stress or overuse, affecting structures like tendons, ligaments, and bones. Conditions such as plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendonitis, and stress fractures commonly afflict baseball players due to the repetitive motions involved in running, pivoting, and throwing. Proper warm-up, conditioning, and wearing supportive footwear are essential preventive measures. If you have endured a foot or ankle injury while playing baseball, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist who can offer you effective treatment options.

Ankle and foot injuries are common among athletes and in many sports. They can be caused by several problems and may be potentially serious. If you are feeling pain or think you were injured in a sporting event or when exercising, consult with Dr. John Branwell from Kearny, New Jersey. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Common Injuries

The most common injuries that occur in sporting activities include:

  • Achilles Tendonitis
  • Achilles Tendon Rupture
  • Ankle Sprains
  • Broken Foot
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Stress Fractures
  • Turf Toe


Symptoms vary depending upon the injury and in some cases, there may be no symptoms at all. However, in most cases, some form of symptom is experienced. Pain, aching, burning, bruising, tenderness, tightness or stiffness, sensation loss, difficulty moving, and swelling are the most common symptoms.


Just as symptoms vary depending upon the injury, so do treatment options. A common treatment method is known as the RICE method. This method involves rest, applying ice, compression and elevating the afflicted foot or ankle. If the injury appears to be more serious, surgery might be required, such as arthroscopic or reconstructive surgery. Lastly, rehabilitation or therapy might be needed to gain full functionality in the afflicted area. Any discomfort experienced by an athlete must be evaluated by a licensed, reputable medical professional.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Kearny, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Tuesday, 23 April 2024 00:00

Parts of the Foot

The foot is a marvel of engineering, composed of various intricate parts that work together to support our weight, enable movement, and maintain balance. At the front of the foot lies the toes, which provide stability and aid in propulsion during walking and running. Behind the toes is the ball of the foot, where the metatarsal bones and associated muscles and ligaments help absorb shock and distribute weight. Moving towards the back, we encounter the arch of the foot, composed of longitudinal and transverse arches, which provide spring-like support and flexibility. Anchoring the arches is the heel, or calcaneus bone, serving as the foundation of the foot and absorbing the impact of each step. Surrounding these structures are layers of muscles, tendons, and ligaments, which facilitate movement and maintain stability. Understanding the anatomy of the foot is essential for identifying and addressing issues related to foot health and function, ensuring optimal mobility and well-being. If you have any type of foot pain and are interested in learning how understanding foot structure may provide relief tips, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist.

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact Dr. John Branwell from Kearny, New Jersey. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Kearny, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Biomechanics in Podiatry
Tuesday, 16 April 2024 00:00

Choosing Footwear for Concrete Walking

Selecting the right shoes for walking on concrete is essential to safeguard foot health and enhance comfort during the workday. Opt for shoes with ample cushioning to absorb the impact of each step and minimize stress on the feet, ankles, and knees. Look for designs with supportive features such as arch support and sturdy soles to maintain proper alignment and stability. Additionally, consider shoes with a roomy toe box to prevent cramping and allow for natural toe splay. A durable outsole with adequate grip is vital for traction on concrete surfaces, reducing the risk of slips and falls. Breathable materials like mesh or perforations promote airflow, preventing overheating and moisture buildup. Finally, ensure a proper fit by trying on shoes in the afternoon when feet tend to swell and allowing enough room for socks. If you have developed foot pain from wearing the wrong shoes during the workday, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist who can treat any foot condition, and guide you toward what type of shoes to purchase.

While working on the feet, it is important to take the proper care of them. For more information about working on your feet, contact Dr. John Branwell from Kearny, New Jersey. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Working on Your Feet

Standing on your feet for long periods of time can cause stress and pain in your feet. Your whole body may experience change in terms of posture, back pain, bunions, callouses and or plantar warts. There are ways to avoid these conditions with proper foot care, smart choices and correct posture.

Positive Changes

Negative heeled shoe – Choosing this shoe type places the heel slightly lower than the ball of the foot. These are great for overall foot health. Find shoes that fit you correctly.

Go barefoot – Our feet were not designed to be enclosed for all hours of the day. Try to periodically expose your feet to air.

Eliminate Pain

Foot Exercises – Performing simple exercises, incorporating yoga and doing stretches are beneficial. This will allow increased blood flow to the area and muscles of the foot.

Achilles tendon – Stretching the foot out flat on the floor will relax the calf muscles and tendon. These exercises can be performed almost anywhere. Make sure you add these exercises to your daily regimen. 

With a little bit of this information and knowing more about foot health, you will notice changes. Foot stretches and proper footwear will help with pain and prevent further issues.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Kearny, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Friday, 12 April 2024 00:00

Do Your Child's Feet Hurt?

Have your child's feet been examined lately? Healthy feet are happy feet. If your child is complaining of foot pain, it may be a sign of underlying problems.

Cracked heels, a common foot ailment, can be uncomfortable and unsightly, but with proactive measures, they can be preventable. Hydration is key. Moisturizing your feet daily with a rich foot cream or lotion can help, especially by paying extra attention to the heels. Exfoliate regularly to remove dead skin cells and prevent buildup, but avoid overdoing it, as excessive scrubbing can exacerbate the problem. Wear properly fitting shoes with adequate support to prevent friction and pressure on the heels. It is helpful to choose socks that are made of breathable materials to keep feet dry and reduce the risk of moisture-related cracks. Cushion your heels with silicone heel cups or pads, especially if you spend long hours standing or walking. Avoid walking barefoot, particularly on hard surfaces, to minimize stress on the heels. Lastly, maintain a healthy diet rich in vitamins and minerals essential for skin health. Cracked heels can be uncomfortable, bleed, and become infected. If you have this condition, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist who can effectively treat cracked heels.

Cracked heels are unsightly and can cause further damage to your shoes and feet. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. John Branwell from Kearny, New Jersey. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Cracked Heels

Cracked heels appear unappealing and can make it harder for you walk around in sandals. Aside from looking unpleasant, cracked heels can also tear stockings, socks, and wear out your shoes. There are several methods to help restore a cracked heel and prevent further damage.

How Do You Get Them?

Dry skin is the number one culprit in creating cracked heels. Many athletes, walkers, joggers, and even swimmers suffer from cracked heels. Age and skin oil production play a role to getting cracked heels as well.

Promote Healing

Over the counter medicines can help, especially for those that need instant relief or who suffer from chronic dry feet.

Wear Socks – Wearing socks with medicated creams helps lock in moisture.

Moisturizers – Applying both day and night will help alleviate dryness which causes cracking.

Pumice Stones – These exfoliate and remove dead skin, which allows for smoother moisturizer application and better absorption into the skin. 

Change in Diet

Eating healthy with a well-balanced diet will give the skin a fresh and radiant look. Your body responds to the kinds of food you ingest. Omega-3 fatty acids and zinc supplements can also revitalize skin tissue.

Most importantly, seek professional help if unsure how to proceed in treating cracked heels. A podiatrist will help you with any questions or information needed. 

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Kearny, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Solutions for Cracked Heels

Arthritis, a term encompassing various inflammatory joint conditions, can significantly impact foot health, causing pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility. One common type is osteoarthritis, characterized by the breakdown of cartilage within the joints, leading to bone-on-bone friction and discomfort. Rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disorder, targets the synovial lining of joints, including those in the feet, resulting in inflammation and joint deformities. Another prevalent form of arthritis is gout, caused by the buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints, often affecting the big toe and causing sudden, severe pain. Additionally, psoriatic arthritis, associated with the skin condition psoriasis, can affect the feet, causing joint inflammation, swelling, and nail changes. Each type of arthritis presents unique challenges and requires tailored management strategies to alleviate symptoms and preserve foot function. If you have been afflicted by arthritis in your feet, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist who can determine what the type is, and offer effective treatment strategies.

Because RA affects more than just your joints, including the joints in your feet and ankles, it is important to seek early diagnosis from your podiatrist if you feel like the pain in your feet might be caused by RA. For more information, contact Dr. John Branwell of Kearny, New Jersey. Our doctor will assist you with all of your podiatric concerns.

What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s own immune system attacks the membranes surrounding the joints. Inflammation of the lining and eventually the destruction of the joint’s cartilage and bone occur, causing severe pain and immobility.

Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Feet

Although RA usually attacks multiple bones and joints throughout the entire body, almost 90 percent of cases result in pain in the foot or ankle area.


  • Swelling and pain in the feet
  • Stiffness in the feet
  • Pain on the ball or sole of feet
  • Joint shift and deformation


Quick diagnosis of RA in the feet is important so that the podiatrist can treat the area effectively. Your doctor will ask you about your medical history, occupation, and lifestyle to determine the origin of the condition. Rheumatoid Factor tests help to determine if someone is affected by the disease.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Kearny, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Rheumatoid Arthritis in the Feet

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